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EECP - An Effective, Non-Invasive Technique for Cardiovascular Treatment

A promising development in the field of cardiovascular diagnosis and treatment is the progression of Non-invasive Cardiovascular Technology, particularly EECP (Enhanced External Counterpulsation). The technique stimulates the formation of blood vessels to create natural bypass around narrowed or blocked arteries.

The system compresses the lower part of body to increase blood flow towards the heart. The mechanism times each wave of pressure to the heartbeat, escalating blood flow delivered to the heart at the precise moment it is relaxing. The pressure would release instantaneously when the heart pumps again, lowering resistance in the blood vessels of the legs, allowing flow of blood more easily from the heart. Work required for the heart muscle is significantly decreased.

EECP was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 1995 for the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD) patients suffering from refractory angina pectoris which does not respond to aggressive pharmacotherapy and standard revascularization procedures. The procedure effectively reduces nitrate usage and angina episodes, while boosting exercise tolerance.

The procedure constitutes of 35 sessions, which effectively increase myocardial oxygen supply, diminishing myocardial oxygen requirements.

Unique equipment is used in EECP treatment for inflating and deflating a series of pneumatic compressive cuffs. The patient lies down on a padded table where three sets of electronically controlled inflation and deflation valves are connected to adjustable cuffs wrapped around the patient’s calves, lower thighs and upper thighs. The design facilitates application of significant pressure to the arteries and veins. Electrocardiogram signals are run through a microprocessor which monitors the treatment, controlling the timing for inflation and deflation.

The overall effect of EECP treatment is to increase the oxygen supply of the heart, while reducing the oxygen demand. The treatment is usually administered in outpatient sessions, and carries little or no risk. It is available with chosen cardiologists in Mumbai who focus on preventive and non-invasive treatment.

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